If you are on a quest to decorate your living room or your bedroom, then getting an indoor plant should be part of your list. An indoor plant brightens the room’s mood, but some plants aid air purification. And in this post, I will be introducing one of these air purification plants called the Snake Plant.
What is a Variegated Snake Plant?
The variegated Snake plant or Snake Plant (Sansevieria Trifasciata) is an evergreen perennial plant native to tropical West Africa. It is commonly known as the Snake Plant and by its other names like Saint George’s sword, Mother-in-law’s tongue, or viper’s bowstring hemp. It has stiff leaves that grow vertically from a basal rosette. This plant’s leaves usually grow from 70 – 90 centimeters (28 – 35 in) long and 5 – 6 centimeters (2.0 – 2.4 in) wide.
The snake plant is one of the plants tested during the initial 1989 NASA Clean Air Study. The study was conducted by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in association with the Associated Landscape Contractors of America (ALCA). It aims to seek ways to clean the air in space stations.
Researchers from Naresuan University in Thailand conducted another study specifically for this plant. The study aimed to show that the snake plant can efficiently reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) levels. Indeed, they were able to decrease carbon dioxide levels in their experiments.
The plant can exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide using the Crassulacean Acid Metabolism process, which gives the plant the ability to withstand drought. It uses its stomata, the microscopic pores in the plant’s leaves, to exchange gases, and these only open at night to prevent water from evaporating. And, when these stomata open at night, stored oxygen is released.
Aside from converting carbon dioxide into oxygen, the plant also absorbs/filters cancer-causing pollutants like benzene, formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene.
Varieties of Snake Plant
Here are a list of 9 different varieties of snake plant. You’ll be amazed how common these varieties are, you may have seen some of them in parks or in neighbor’s lawn.
Sansevieria Trifasciata ‘Black Gold’
This variety has tall, dark green leaves with yellow to gold edges.
Sansevieria Trifasciata ‘Futura Robusta’
This snake plant is a shorter variety with broad silvery-green leaves with a dark green stripe.
Sansevieria Trifasciata ‘Futura Superba’
Futura Superba is a smaller version of the Black Gold variety with short and broad leaves that grow in an irregular rosette shape.
Sansevieria Trifasciata ‘Hahnii’
Hahnii is also known as Bird’s Nest Sansevieria. It has a cacti-like appearance with oval green-golden leaves with stripes and grows into a tight rosette form. And, across the plates, you can see white mottled bands of different widths.
Sansevieria Trifasciata ‘Cylindrica’
This variety is also known as African Spear. It has smooth greenish-gray sub-cylindrical leaves similar to a bamboo stalk that can grow up to 2 meters in optimal condition.
Sansevieria Trifasciata ‘Golden Hahnii’
This variety is also called Golden Bird’s Nest. Golden Hahnii has oval, gray-green leaves with dark green cross-bands and creamy-yellow margins that form into low rosettes. The plant can grow up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall.
Sansevieria Trifasciata ‘Black Jack’
This plat is a new variety that can reach up to 40 centimeters in length, with an average of 8 leaves per plant. The color of the leaves is similar to its parent variety Black Gold. However, it doesn’t show variegated bands into the margin (only solid yellow tint).
Sansevieria Trifasciata ‘Black Robusta’
This variety of snake plant has dark green, sword-like leaves patterned with wavy, grey-green horizontal stripes.
Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Twisted Sister’
This snake plant is a dwarf variety and can grow up to about 15 inches (37.5 cm) tall. It has bright gold and green, variegated foliage that twists as it emerges from the base providing an almost bird’s nest effect.
Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Laurentii’
Laurentii variety is one of the tallest varieties of sansevieria trifasciata with tall, elegant variegated yellow and grayish-green leaves. Lauentii variety can grow between 2 – 4 feet (60 – 120 cm) tall.
Taking Care of the Plant
This particular plant is a trouble-free plant. It can tolerate lower light conditions so that you can place it in a shady area with no direct sunlight (indoor). Or, you can put it outdoors where it could also strive. It also does not require any pruning. Lastly, make sure to take note of the following when you have water these plants:
1. It does not require frequent watering.
2. Make sure not to overwater the plant. Check the soil if it is all dry before watering the plant.
To have a healthy body, one must eat healthy food and do exercise, but we also need to make sure that we have a healthy living space. A healthy living space needs to be clutter-free and clean, but it must have adequate ventilation and clean air. To have clean air, one should ensure that ventilation inside the house is clean; the same goes for the air conditioning system. Or, you can put an air-filtering plant, such as a snake plant, in the corners of your house. Having these plants inside your home does ensure not only clean air but also adds aesthetic.